Burial Services

Traditionally, a burial service involves a visitation, followed by a funeral service in a church, funeral home, or other place of worship. The casket is typically present at both these events, and it is your decision as to whether to have the casket open or not. You have the option of having the remains interred (earth burial), or entombed in a crypt inside a mausoleum (above-ground burial). Family or religious traditions are often a factor for choosing burial. Important decisions include whether the body needs to be embalmed, what kind of casket to use, the selection of a cemetery and what to inscribe on the gravestone.

Cemetery Types

Monumental cemetery: A monumental cemetery is the traditional style of burial ground where headstones or other monuments made of marble or granite rise vertically above the ground. There are numerous choices in headstone design, ranging from very simple to large and complex.

Lawn cemetery: In this type of burial ground each grave is marked with a small commemorative plaque that is placed horizontally at the head of the site at ground-level. Families may have input toward the design and the inscriptions on the plaque, however in most cases the plaques are of a standard design and format. 

Mausoleum: A mausoleum is an external free-standing building, constructed as a monument to enclose the interment space or burial chamber of one or more deceased individuals. The mausoleum itself may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be enclosed within the mausoleum. The most famous mausoleum in the world is the Taj Mahal in India.

Columbarium: Columbarium walls are generally reserved for cremated remains. While cremated remains can be kept at home by families or scattered somewhere significant to the deceased, a columbarium provides friends and family a place to come to mourn and visit. Columbarium walls do not take up a lot of space and it is a cheaper alternative to a burial plot.

Natural cemeteries: Natural cemeteries, also known as eco-cemeteries or green cemeteries, are a new style of burial ground established for the purpose of natural burials. Natural burials are becoming popular with individuals who are motivated by the desire to be environmentally conscientious. Although natural burials may be performed at any type of cemetery, they are usually done in a natural woodland setting. Conventional markings such as headstones are generally replaced with natural elements such as a tree, bush or a placement of natural rock.

Burial FAQ

What is opening and closing and why is it so expensive?

Opening and closing fees can include up to and beyond 50 separate services provided by the cemetery.  Typically, the opening and closing fees include: administration and permanent record keeping (determining ownership, obtaining permission and the completion of other documentation which may be required, entering the interment particulars in the interment register, maintaining all legal files); opening and closing the grave (locating the grave and laying out the boundaries, excavating and filling the interment space); installation and removal of the lowering device; placement and removal of artificial grass dressing and coco-matting at the grave site; leveling, tamping, re-grading and sodding the grave site; and leveling and re-sodding the grave if the earth settles. 

Can we dig our own grave to avoid the charge for opening and closing?

The actual opening and closing of the grave is just one component of the opening and closing fee. Due to safety issues which arise around the use of machinery on cemetery property and the protection of other gravesites, the actual opening and closing of the grave is conducted by cemetery grounds personnel only.

Why is having a place to visit so important?

To remember and to be remembered are natural human needs. A permanent memorial in a cemetery provides a focal point for remembrance and memorializing the deceased. Throughout human history, memorialization of the dead has been a key component of almost every culture. Psychologists say that remembrance practices, from the funeral or memorial service to permanent memorialization, serve an important emotional function for survivors by helping them to bring closure and begin the healing process. Providing a permanent resting place for the deceased is a dignified treatment for a loved one’s mortal remains, which fulfills the natural human desire for memorialization.

What happens when a cemetery runs out of land?

When a cemetery runs out of land, it will continue to operate and serve the community. Most cemeteries have crematoriums, and some historic cemeteries even offer guided tours.

In a hundred years will this cemetery still be there?

Cemetery lands are considered to be in perpetuity. There are cemeteries throughout the world that have been in existence for hundreds of years.

How soon after or how long after a death must an individual be buried?

There is no law that states a specific time from death for burial. Considerations that will affect timeline include: the need to secure all permits and authorizations, notification of family and friends, preparation of the cemetery site, and religious practice and custom. Public health laws may have limitations on the maximum length of time allowed to pass prior to final disposition. Contact your local funeral provider for more details.

Does a body have to be embalmed before it is buried?

No. Embalming is a choice dependent on factors such as whether there will be an open casket viewing of the body, and if there will be an extended time between death and interment. Public health laws may require embalming if the body is going to be transported by air or rail.

What options are available besides ground burial?

Besides ground burial, some cemeteries offer interment in lawn crypts or entombment in mausoleums.  In addition, most cemeteries provide choices for those who have selected cremation. These often include the placement of cremated remains in a niche of a columbarium or interment in an urn space. 

What are burial vaults and grave liners?

These are the outside containers into which the casket is placed. Burial vaults are designed to protect the casket and may be made of a variety or combination of materials including concrete, stainless steel, galvanized steel, copper, bronze, plastic or fiberglass. A grave liner is a lightweight version of a vault which simply keeps the grave surface from sinking in.

Must I purchase a burial vault?

Most large, active cemeteries have regulations that require the use of a basic grave liner for maintenance and safety purposes. Either a grave liner or a burial vault will satisfy these requirements. Some smaller rural or churchyard cemeteries do not require use of a container to surround the casket in the grave.